Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 12-17
Level of Self-care Practice and Associated Factors Among Hypertensive Patients in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, South West Ethiopia
Anwar Abdulwahed, College of Health Science, Arsi University, Asella, Ethiopia
Anwar Seid, College of Health Science, Samara University, Semera, Ethiopia
Received: Feb. 24, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 31, 2020;       Published: Sep. 17, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.rs.20200502.11      View  117      Downloads  16
Abstract
Globally hypertension is a major public health problem and leading cause of mortality in developing countries. Self-care practice encourage hypertensive patients to have better quality of life by preventing complication and decrease health care expenditure. The aim of this study is to assess Self-care practice and associated factors among hypertension patients in Jimma university specialized hospital, south west Ethiopia. An institution based Cross sectional study was employed on 322 adult hypertensive patients using simple random sampling procedure between March to May, 2016. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. A p-value of <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Adjusted odds ratio at 95% CI was considered to declare the independent effect of independents variables on the outcome. In this study, the overall participants with the recommended level of self-care practice were found to be 44.7%. Being employed [AOR = 2.032, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: (1.162, 3.552), educational attainment (AOR = 3.730, 95% CI: (1.837, 7.576) and Presence of co morbidity diseases (AOR = 0.502, 95% CI: 0.2886, 0.8850) were factors significantly associated with self-care practice. This study revealed level of self-care practice were low among hypertensive patients. Occupation, educational status and comorbidity were factors significantly associated with Self-care practice. Hypertensive patients with low socioeconomic status, no formal educational attainment and with co-morbidity needs special attention to improve their self-care practice.
Keywords
Hypertension, Self-care, Practice, Jimma
To cite this article
Anwar Abdulwahed, Anwar Seid, Level of Self-care Practice and Associated Factors Among Hypertensive Patients in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, South West Ethiopia, Rehabilitation Science. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2020, pp. 12-17. doi: 10.11648/j.rs.20200502.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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